Experts suggest that children should have a consultation with an orthodontist by the age of 6 to 7. This allows orthodontists to screen children for any potential problems such as a small jaw, crowded or impacted teeth, or any other problems that might require orthodontic treatments in future.
Braces are one of the orthodontic devices used to correct misaligned teeth and close the gaps between the teeth. According to orthodontists, braces in Allentown are used to correct 3 different types of misalignment.
Class 1 – This condition implies perfect relation between the upper and lower teeth but small issues related to crowding or spacing.
Class 2 – This condition is generally referred as overbite. In this condition, a person’s first molar is towards the back of the mouth, while the upper jaw protrudes forward. This class again has different subclasses.
Class 3 – This condition is called as Underbite. The person’s fist molar in the lower jaw is placed towards the front of the mouth and the lower jaw protrudes forward.
Apart from misalignment, braces are also used to treat problems such as crowding and spacing.
Crowding – Crowding is a condition, when the teeth overlap or grow improperly. Sometimes, the teeth can be trapped inside the bone due to unavailability of space in the jaw. Such teeth are known as impacted teeth. Crowding is caused by many factors such as small size of the jaw, larger size of the teeth, retaining primary teeth by longer time than usual or losing them early, and defects in the formation of the jaw bone. Crowding not only affects the physical appearance of the face but also causes tooth decay and gum diseases because it is difficult to clean overlapping and improperly positioned teeth.
Spacing – Sometimes adults as well as children suffer with spacing problems. Spacing can occur between any teeth but the gap between the two front teeth is the most visible and need correction. Spacing can be caused by many factors such as hereditary causes, thumb-sucking, tongue thrust, etc.
Orthodontists use braces in Allentown to treat all these problems. There are different types of braces such as traditional braces, Invisalign braces, lingual braces and so on. Your orthodontist will recommend the right type of braces depending on the condition to be treated.